“World Hepatitis Day!”
Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. There are several types of hepatitis, each caused by different viruses and they include:
- Hepatitis A (HAV):
- Mode of Transmission: Usually spreads through the consumption of contaminated food or water. It can also be transmitted through close contact with an infected person.
- Treatment: There is no specific antiviral treatment for HAV. The infection often resolves on its own, and supportive care is provided to manage symptoms.
- Hepatitis B (HBV):
- Mode of Transmission: Spreads through contact with infected blood, body fluids, or from mother to child during childbirth. It can also be transmitted through unprotected sex and sharing of contaminated needles.
- Treatment: Chronic HBV infection can be managed with antiviral medications that suppress the virus and reduce the risk of liver complications. There is also a vaccine available for prevention.
- Hepatitis C (HCV):
- Mode of Transmission: Primarily transmitted through contact with infected blood, often through sharing of contaminated needles among drug users. It can also spread through unsafe medical practices or procedures.
- Treatment: Antiviral medications are used to treat chronic HCV infection. Advances in medical research have led to highly effective direct-acting antiviral drugs that can cure most cases of hepatitis C.
- Hepatitis D (HDV):
- Mode of Transmission: HDV is a defective virus that requires the presence of HBV to cause infection. Transmission occurs through contact with infected blood or other body fluids.
- Treatment: There is no specific antiviral treatment for HDV. Management focuses on controlling the HBV infection, as HDV requires HBV for its replication.
- Hepatitis E (HEV):
- Mode of Transmission: Typically spreads through the consumption of contaminated water or food, especially in areas with poor sanitation.
- Treatment: Similar to HAV, there is no specific antiviral treatment for HEV. The infection usually resolves on its own, and supportive care is given.
It’s important to note that some types of viral hepatitis can lead to chronic infections, potentially causing liver cirrhosis, liver failure, or liver cancer. Vaccines are available for both Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B and are recommended for individuals at risk.
Preventive measures, such as practicing safe sex, avoiding sharing needles, ensuring safe medical practices, and maintaining proper hygiene, can help reduce the risk of hepatitis transmission.
If you suspect you have hepatitis or are at risk, it’s essential to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and management. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment options.
Join the Fight, be part of the solution on July 28th and beyond—support awareness campaigns and advocate for better healthcare access. By Pharm. Innocentia Ayanwu Welnex Pharmacy
Pharm. Innocentia Ayanwu